Specifics of SFC and Adoption

Specifics of the adoption
  Relationship to a child (who can or cannot become a caregiver of a certain type)Rights and obligations of the caregiver (or guardian)How does the child benefitFinancial rewardChild benefitsRights and responsibilities of the original family
AdoptionBased on established judicial practice, the adoptive parent cannot be a direct relative (grandparent) or the parent’s sibling and there must be a reasonable age difference between the adoptive parent and the adopted child, usually not less than sixteen yearsFull parental responsibilityThe child acquires a new family with all that it includes, reaches the same status as the biological children of the adoptive parents the adoptive parents have the obligation to provide for him and the adult child to provide for the parents, they inherit each other’s propertyNoneThe usual social benefits connected to the fact that the family is raising a child *All relationships cease to exist
Specifics of the SFC
Custody of a Person other than Parents – Section 953 et seq. of the Civil CodeUsually a person related to a child (or close to the child)The foster parent cares for and educates the child, other rights and obligations are specified by a court decisionThe child remains in the original family or in the family of friendsNoneAllimonies and usual benefits for families with children from social facilities systems *Permanent allimony obligations, parental responsibility limited by a court decision
Foster CareA relative or a person known to the child or a person included in the register of applicants for the SFCThe foster parent takes care of and educates the child, can only represent the child in everyday mattersThe child is not placed in the institutional care and has the chance to grow up in a family environmentFoster parent’s feeFaster care benefits and usual benefits for families with children from social facilities. systems *The parents have the allimony obligation. The allimony demand is transferred to the state. The foster parent can only represent the child in everyday matters
Temporary Foster CarePerson registered in the register of applicants for SFC as suitableThe person takes care of and educates the child, can only represent the child in everyday mattersThe child is not placed in the institutional care and has the chance to grow up in a family environmentFoster parent’s feeFaster care benefits and usual benefits for families with children from social facilities. systems *The parents have the allimony obligation. The allimony demand is transferred to the state. The foster parent can only represent the child in everyday matters
Guardianship with personal careA relative or a person known to the child or a person included in the register of applicants for the SFCThe guardian takes care of the child, educates and represents the child and manages the child’s property. The person is under court supervision and some decisions require the consent of the court.The child is not placed in the institutional care and the representation (protection of interests) of the child is resolvedFoster parent’s feeFaster care benefits and usual benefits for families with children from social facilities. systems *The guardian has no allimony obligation. Parental rights were either suspended, terminated or ceased to exist
Guardianship without personal careA relative or a person known to the child or a person included in the register of applicants for the SFC, in some cases also the authority for the social and legal protection of childrenThe guardian takes care of the child, educates and represents the child and manages the child’s property, some decisions require the consent of the court. The child’s parent may remain to be the main caretaker ot the child was entrusted into care of another person, based on Section 45 of the Family or Foster Care Act The representation (protection of interests) of the child is resolvedNoneNoneThe guardian has no allimony obligation. Parental rights were either suspended, terminated or ceased to exist
CaregiverAnyone appointed by court, in some case it could also be the authority for the social and legal protection of childrenProtects the child’s interest, the range of rights and obligations is specified in a court decisionChild’s interests are protectedNoneNoneParental rights could be limited

* According to § 32 of Act no. No. 187/2006 Coll., On Sickness Insurance, the following condition has to be fulfilled to qualify for financial assistance during maternity in the case of children custody replacing the parental care – the child accepted into the family has to be under 7 years of age. The adopting/foster parent can then claim the financial support for a period of 22 weeks for one child in care and for a period of 31 weeks when accepting two or more children if you are providing care of at least two of these children.