Regulated by Civil Code ("Občanský zákoník") No. 89/2012, § 958–970, and Act on Social-Legal Protection of Children ("Zákon o sociálně-právní ochraně dětí") No. 359/1999, § 27a) and § 47.
There is a distinction between mediated foster care and non-mediated foster care. Mediated foster care means caring for a child „selected“ by the county and the foster parent is served with a notice of suitability to become the foster parent of the selected child. In non-mediated foster care, this act of „selecting“ the child through the county office is absent. In the case of non-mediated fostercare, the child is often cared for by grandparents, other relatives, or persons close to the child.
Foster parents are entitled to foster care benefits, which should ensure the child's basic material security and at the same time take into account the demands of this care by providing the foster parent's remuneration. You can find the exact amount of benefits on the website of the Labor Office. Foster care support is also provided by a system of professional services for foster families. Foster carers are usually obliged to conclude an Agreement on the provision of foster care with an accompanying organization or office, which regulates the details regarding the performance of the rights and obligations of the carers.
A specifictype of mediated fostercare is temporary fostercare, which is intended to fulfill the institute of crisis or temporary placement of a child outside his/ her own family. The court may, on the proposal of the social and legal protection of children authority, entrust a child to temporary foster care to persons included in the register kept by the regional authority for:
This last case is the situation when the parent shows a lack of interest. A parent‘s lack of interest in the child is deemed to be undisputable if the parent has not expressed genuine interest for over 3 months. However, if the behavior of the parent cannot be regarded as a gross violation of the parent‘s obligations, the parent must be informed by the child welfare authority on the possible consequences of his or her behavior and at least three months must have elapsed since such instruction before the court decision. The court decides whether the parent is not interested in the child upon the application of the social welfare authority as the child‘s guardian or the application of the parent.Fostercare for a transitional period may last no longer than 1 year. In exceptional cases, especially if it is clear that the steps already underway are leading to the child being placed in long-term care, the child may be placed in temporary foster care again.
Temporary foster care can last no longer than one year. In exceptional cases, especially if it is clear that the steps already underway are aimed at placing the child in long-term care, the child can be placed in foster care for a temporary period again. The court can order the child to be placed in foster care for a temporary period by means of a preliminary measure.
Only a person listed in the regional authority‘s register of persons suitable for temporary foster care can become a temporary foster parent. The process of professional assessment before inclusion in the register is similar to that for applicants for adoption and „traditional“ foster care. The preparation is carried out in the scope of 72 hours (in the scope of at least 48 hours in the case of ordinary foster care) and is expanded to include topics specific to this type of care (crisis care, cooperation with the child‘s biological family, transfer of the child to further care, transitional fostering and the foster parents‘ biological children, etc.). Persons who, based on a professional assessment, have the prerequisites for the provision of such care for a child, particularly in terms of the short-term nature of such care and topics related to the preparation of the child for the transition to the stable care of other parents, are included in the register of persons suitable for the temporary foster care. Temporary foster care, where foster parents take in a child shortly after birth, is relatively widespread. They are also assessed on their ability to care for infants and toddlers and their ability to cooperate with the parents of these children.
As well as long-term foster parents, temporary foster parents are also entitled to foster care benefits (see the website of the Labor Office). Foster care support is also provided by a system of professional services for foster families. Foster carers are usually obliged to conclude an Agreement on the provision of foster care with an accompanying organization or office, which regulates the details regarding the performance of the rights and obligations of the carers.
Any adult person who:
A child can be placed in joint foster care to both foster parents only if they are married.
With the consent of the other spouse, a child can be entrusted to the foster care of only one of the spouses.
A child can also be placed in foster care by an individual (a person who lives alone without a partner, one of the unmarried partners or one of same-sex partners).
Regulated by Act on Social-Legal Protection of Children ("Zákon o sociálně-právní ochraně dětí") No. 359/1999
A recurring maintenance allowance is an important financial security for a dependent young adult who is still studying and still living in foster care. At the end of foster care, an adult who is no longer studying is entitled to a one-time maintenance allowance.
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